The sinking of the former US warship was controversial because at the time it was outside a British 200-mile Total Exclusion Zone around the Falklands and was steaming away from the UK Task Force. I know - I was Prime Minister at the time. The man who acted as the clandestine go-between for Chile and Britain during the Falklands War has spoken for the first time about helping the SAS, reporting to Thatcher – and avoiding Pinochet. My Lords, my noble friend Lord Lamont has done the House a service by initiating this short debate on a matter of great importance to Britain’s reputation, to Chile’s stability and to the orderly conduct of international relations. Wreford-Brown fired two non-guided torpedoes, which blew off the ship's bow. Außenpolitik und Falkland-Krieg:Auch in der Außenpolitik galt Thatcher als unbeugsam. 1959 … Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher has said former Chilean leader Augusto Pinochet will get nothing more than a "show trial" if extradited to Spain. "General Matthei warmly shook my hand," said Mr Edwards. In conditions of upmost secrecy, he was to play a key role in the conflict, awarded an OBE for his efforts – and believes that Chile's support was vital to the British victory. Margaret Thatcher, the then-prime minister, was reportedly so reliant on his intelligence updates she nicknamed them "Sidgrams". Nick Caistor, Latin American analyst, answers questions about international law and whether Thatcher … Now a member of the War Cabinet has revealed how Argentine orders intercepted by Chile convinced the British that their enemies' prize cruiser had to be sunk, Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. Viel Bewunderung und Hochachtung für Margaret Thatcher auch aus Deutschland. "When I asked Patricio Perez (an air force official) about the journalist, he smiled and said 'Don't worry – he is alive, but very shaken up,'" Mr Edwards said. President Pinochet was this country's staunch, true friend in our time of need when Argentina seized the Falkland Islands. Now, as services are held to mark the 30th anniversary of the start of the war, a member of Margaret Thatcher's War Cabinet has revealed details of how intelligence received from the Chilean regime of fascist dictator Augusto Pinochet led to the decision to sink the Argentine warship General Belgrano. She describes the general, who presided over the execution of thousands of his left-wing opponents, in … . When we finally got the satellite pictures, we had pictures showing all the Argentine fleet in port.". The order was sent through Northwood, the Navy's command centre in west London, to the Conqueror. Our ties are very close and have been ever since Admiral Cochrane helped free Chile from oppressive Spanish rule. This was interpreted by the British high command as signifying that movement towards her home port by the two ships may well have been acts of subterfuge. The Cabinet records, which may confirm these details, are not due to be released under the 30-year secrecy rule until December. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Gould said that the ship had been "on a bearing of 280 and it was already west of the Falklands". Chief Political Correspondent John Sergeant: Lady Thatcher can still cause quite a stir Read our full mailing list consent terms here. The great majority of Chileans, even the political opponents of Senator Pinochet, feel wounded at the way we and the Spanish have treated them. Speaking at … In 1982, during Britain’s Falklands … "It was nothing to do with that. Protests about the action were led by Tam Dalyell, the former Labour MP, who claimed the sinking had been ordered for political reasons by Lady Thatcher to destroy the last hopes of a peace plan being pursued in Peru by Perez de Cuellar, the Peruvian Secretary General of the UN, and Al Haig, the US Secretary of State. "Without it, we would have lost the war.". https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/638756/margaret-thatcher-facts The Independent has learned from defence sources that the Chilean information also showed the staff of Admiral Jorge Anaya, the head of the Argentine Navy, had been directing orders to the Belgrano and a destroyer, the Hipólito Bouchard, to continue engaging in combat while taking all measures necessary to avoid coming under attack. Baroness Thatcher also pressed for his release after his arrest in … "Without these – when you have a naval force with only a small air defence, as we had – we would have had to maintain extremely expensive fighter patrols all the time, ready to intercept any intrusions.". Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte [pinoˈʧet] (* 25. The man who acted as the clandestine go-between for Chile and Britain during the Falklands War has spoken for the first time about helping the SAS, reporting to Thatcher – and avoiding Pinochet Baroness Thatcher, who served Pinochet tea at her London home … Former British PM Thatcher calls for Pinochet's release By our correspondent 23 October 1998 Ex-Conservative prime minister Baroness Thatcher has written to the Times of London newspaper demanding that former dictator Augusto Pinochet to be allowed to return to Chile. We would all have had to stand down, if we had presided over the death of hundreds of British sailors and had the chance to avert it. . . It is not well known that the British continued to offer ceasefire terms until 1 June. Die enge Zusammenarbeit von Helmut Schmidt und Willy Brandt mit den … Lord Parkinson said: "We discussed the Belgrano ad nauseam and what it was up to. "He wanted to have a sort of escape clause, so that he could deny knowledge of my involvement. ", Pictures taken by survivors of the warship listing to port, before sinking, with orange rafts floating nearby, became one of the lasting images of the war, prompting the Sun headline: "Gotcha!". "He emphasised that it was essential to keep it a secret.". Download the new Independent Premium app … Lord Parkinson also dispelled one of the myths of the war, that Britain relied heavily on surveillance from US satellites. One of his tasks was to coordinate the long-range radar, which was able to observe movements of Argentine forces in Ushuaia, Rio Gallegos, Rio Grande and Comodoro Rivadavia. Pasenle este video a sus amigos y familiares, interesante como se hechan elogios el uno al otro. Pinochet, 82, is under arrest at a private clinic in London after an extradition request by Spain. When the war was over, on June 14, Mr Edwards went to celebrate at a famous Chilean nightclub, Las Brujas – Chile's 1980s answer to Studio 54. How much do you all think the British were willing to sacrifice? Lady Thatcher always maintained that Pinochet had offered the British invaluable help during the Falklands conflict of 1982. Chile's former military leader, who has died aged 91 in hospital, backed the UK during the Falklands conflict. She accused Britain's Labor government of collaborating in Pinochet's "judicial kidnap" and ignoring his past support to the United Kingdom. The ship was part of a small battle group, flanked by two Argentinian destroyers. Something as big as a nuclear submarine in shallow water was easy to hit. No incident in the Falklands War divided opinion so bitterly. His disclosure that Britain received vital intelligence reports directly from Chile explains why Lady Thatcher supported General Pinochet when he was arrested in Britain for alleged war crimes, when he later came for treatment in a private London clinic. It became known later that General Pinochet had permitted a secret SAS surveillance team to use a long-range radar facility in Chile to monitor movements by the Argentine air force from its Comodoro Rivadavia air base – but until now, it was not known that Lady Thatcher was also supplied by the Pinochet regime with more vital raw intercept data revealing the orders to the Argentine commanders in action around the Falklands. The fact that it was going one way or the other, it was manoeuvring to avoid a torpedo.". Some even called it a war crime. Saturday, September 13th 2014 - 07:02 UTC Bachelet government seek to repeal dictator Pinochet's Amnesty Law. Thatcher zeigt sich "tief betrübt" Die britische Regierung nehme den Tod von Pinochet zur Kenntnis, sagte Außenministerin Margaret Beckett. If Thatcher supported a Fashist like Pinochet, would she have supported Hitler in the 1930's They were both mass murderers of their own countrymen and she had a ruthless streak in her nature particularly against the unions just as they did. Die Thatcher-Familie und die Pinochet-Familie trafen sich alljährlich in London, laut “The New Yorker”. Tag: Augusto Pinochet. “Neruda, Pinochet, and the Iron Lady”. The sinking took place 14 hours after the President of Peru, Fernando Belaúnde, proposed a peace plan which included regional states playing a role. survivors in the South Atlantic in May 1982, Margaret Thatcher with Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet, Sinking the Belgrano: the Pinochet connection, {{#verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}} {{^verifyErrors}} {{message}} {{/verifyErrors}}. The Pinochet case has been described by leading commen-tators as a triumph for the cause of international human rights, but it is also an important barometer of the limits and contradictions of this emerging framework of ‘global justice’ (see Falk 2000). The cruiser went down with the loss of 323 lives – more than half of the total Argentine losses in the war. I don't know a lot about the Falklands War, or how important the Falklands strategically are for Britain and Argentina respectively. On President Pinochet's express instructions, and at great risk, Chile provided enormously valuable assistance. Real Britannia, Britain's Proudest Years – The Glory and the Spin, by Colin Brown, will be published in October by Oneworld. Some even called it a war crime. And have you heard, the yankee capitalists are trying to buy up the stock exchanges throughout the world. Thatcher replied: "But it was not sailing away from the Falklands. While under house arrest he was visited by former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who called for him to be allowed home saying Chile had been an ally of the UK during the Falklands War. Mr Edwards never met General Augusto Pinochet, the Chilean dictator, who ruled the country at the time. "Lots of our Chilean colleagues were there," he recalled. The War Cabinet authorised Lewin to proceed. Lord Parkinson, one of Lady Thatcher's closest allies, said: "They [Chile] had intercepted the Argentinian command's instructions... We had been discussing what we would do if we found it [the Belgrano] because we knew the Belgrano was out to sink a carrier. For reasons of security Mr Edwards was told to destroy all notes, he told Juan Pablo Garnham, a reporter for Chilean news magazine Que Pasa. Pinochet’s relationship with Thatcher remains a sore point for the Conservative Party. November 1915 in Valparaíso; 10. She said at the time that Britain owed a debt of gratitude to the Chilean leader for helping it win the war. "What we didn't realise [was] the Argentinian destroyers took off immediately and they didn't search for survivors. Mr Edwards was chosen for the highly-sensitive mission because of his fluent Spanish – he had been seconded to Madrid with the RAF – and his experience of coordinating intelligence-sharing with other countries. He called on Lady Thatcher to reflect more carefully before speaking out again. Gen Pinochet's life . The Pinoc het Case and Economic , Social and Cultural Rights Since the adoption by the UN General Assembly of the International … "That was a deliberate decision," he said, adding that they crossed paths in corridors frequently. Baroness Thatcher welcomed General Pinochet to her London home only 11 days before his arrest, it was reported last night. "My personal opinion – and I think one which was shared by my bosses at the Ministry of Defence and by Margaret Thatcher – is that the help we received from Chile was absolutely crucial," he said. She was one of the former dictator's … "And they seemed as happy about the victory as we were. Getty Images bietet exklusive rights-ready und erstklassige lizenzfreie analoge, HD- und 4K-Videos in höchster Qualität. When a Chilean reporter continued doggedly to pursue the story, Pinochet's officials dealt with him. Sidney Edwards, now aged 80, was then a 47-year-old official in the RAF. I cannot reveal all the details. Dezember 2006 in Santiago de Chile) war ein chilenischer General und von 1973 bis 1990 Diktator Chiles. "The most important result was the early warnings of aerial attacks," he said. Naval forces in the South Atlantic, 1–2 May 1982 . He installed a dictatorship, ruling out competition with himself. Lady Thatcher said he should be set free because his regime had helped the UK during the 1982 Falklands War against Argentina and so saved many British lives as a result. . The situation for Pinochet in the UK and the rejection of immunity for his arrest. Chile's support for the British campaign had been rumoured for many years, and was confirmed by the 2012 release of government documents under the 30 year rule. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Below is the text of the statement made in the House of Lords by Baroness Margaret Thatcher on 6 July 1999. In an exclusive interview for a forthcoming book on the history of Britain, Real Britannia, Lord Parkinson discloses that the War Cabinet took the decision after receiving secret intercepts from Chilean intelligence services revealing the orders from the Argentine junta to the warship's captain, Hector Bonzo. April 2013 in London) war eine britische Staatsfrau und konservative Politikerin.. Während ihres Chemiestudiums am Somerville College entschied sich Thatcher 1945/1946, politisch tätig zu werden, und kandidierte erstmals 1950 für das Unterhaus. Finden Sie professionelle Videos zum Thema Augusto Pinochet sowie B-Roll-Filmmaterial, das Sie für die Nutzung in Film, Fernsehen, Werbefilm sowie für die Unternehmenskommunikation lizenzieren können. "He offered me his total cooperation, within the limits of practicality and what was diplomatically possible. ", Monty Panesar: How England can dismiss India's top six, Recognising Islamists will sideline moderates, Fernando Matthei – head of the Chilean air force. The War Cabinet took the decision to sink the Belgrano on 2 May 1982, after being briefed at a meeting at Chequers with Mrs Thatcher and Sir Terence Lewin, Admiral of the Fleet. But he insisted his memory was clear, and has written a book about the period, My Secret Falklands War, which is due to be published shortly. It was in an area which was a danger to our ships and to our people on them." If competition is the great thing about capitalism and so-called democracy, why wasn't Thatcher more against him? The Belgrano sinks amid orange life rafts holding You couldn't allow that risk. Then up comes the Captain and says the Belgrano is going into shallower water and I can't follow it. Margaret Thatcher und Augusto Pinochet – eng befreundet. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Pinochet, a British ally when Thatcher went to war against Argentina over the Falkland Islands in 1982, has been held in Britain for nearly a year. "Pinochet was this country's staunch, true friend in our time of need when Argentina seized the Falkland Islands," Thatcher emphasized. Neo Geo Mini Games, Jay … . As Chileans commemorated the … Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (* 13.Oktober 1925 als Margaret Hilda Roberts in Grantham, Lincolnshire; † 8. It was the moment which came to define the Falklands conflict, immediately claiming more than 300 lives and setting in chain events which would lead to the invasion of the disputed islands by British troops. Publicly, Chile adopted a position of "strict neutrality" – a policy dictated by its need to defer to Latin American solidarity with Argentina and its own dispute with Argentina over the Beagle Channel. “The New-Yorker”. Sinking the Belgrano: the Pinochet connection No incident in the Falklands War divided opinion so bitterly. "It seemed to me that if anything went wrong, he could say 'It was Matthei's fault, I didn't know what he was doing.'". Lewin told the Cabinet that Commander Chris Wreford-Brown, the captain of British nuclear submarine Conqueror, had the Belgrano in his sights and was seeking permission to attack. Arriving in Santiago, the Chilean capital, in the morning, he was meeting with Fernando Matthei – head of the Chilean air force – by the afternoon. because competition is not their great product. "David Wilshire, Tory MP for Spelthorne, welcomed Lady Thatcher's intervention. Chile's support for Britain during the Falklands War has been revealed for the first time by the man who was dispatched, with only hours notice, to secure a South American ally. He also coordinated the arrival in Santiago of SAS troops, and the use of a Chilean airport on the island of San Felix – where several British planes were stationed, disguised in Chilean colours. The system was so slow that the US only supplied the photographs of the Argentine navy back in port the day after the conflict ended. But it is the first time that someone so intimately involved in the negotiations has told the full story. The former prime minister has described General Pinochet as the UK's "staunch ally" during the 1982 Falklands War with Argentina. Lord Parkinson denied this. Thatcher continued to insist that the ship had represented a danger to British troops, and that … After the sinking, Argentina rejected the plan but the UK indicated its acceptance on 5 May. Baroness Thatcher campaigned after Pinochet's London arrest. In 1980, the year after Thatcher took office, she lifted the arms embargo against Pinochet; he was soon buying armaments from the United Kingdom. It was unanimous that if we had let the Belgrano go and it had sunk a carrier, we would all have been finished. When an SAS mission involving a British Sea King helicopter went wrong, Mr Edwards was forced to hurriedly organise a press conference with a cover story that the helicopter had crashed on a routine journey. Was manoeuvring to avoid a torpedo. `` ships and to our ships and to people... 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