Location and Size. [23] Because of the terra preta, indigenous communities were able to make land fertile and thus sustainable for the large-scale agriculture needed to support their large populations and complex social structures. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The Amazon River flows from Peru through Colombia and Brazil. 0 Other Attractions within 5 miles. Best nearby. Such studies continued to be published even recently, such as in 1996,[43] 2001,[44] 2007,[8] and 2008,[10] where various authors identified the snowcapped 5,597 m (18,363 ft) Nevado Mismi peak, located roughly 160 km (99 mi) west of Lake Titicaca and 700 km (430 mi) southeast of Lima, as the most distant source of the river. The length of the Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometers (4000 miles).. Species of caimans, that are related to alligators and other crocodilians, also inhabit the Amazon as do varieties of turtles. Scientists have typically selected one of the northern outlets, since the Pará is an estuary of the Tocantins River, which is technically separate from the Amazon. [55], The main river is navigable for large ocean steamers to Manaus, 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) upriver from the mouth. Geographers long agreed that, while the Amazon might be the world’s largest river by volume, the longest was likely the Nile. A more conservative measurement excluding the Pará river estuary, from the mouth of the Araguari River to Ponta do Navio on the northern coast of Marajó, would still give the mouth of the Amazon a width of over 180 kilometres (110 mi). The original architect of this expansion was president Getúlio Vargas, with the demand for rubber from the Allied forces in World War II providing funding for the drive. Only about ten percent of the Amazon's water enters downstream of Óbidos, very little of which is from the northern slope of the valley. [70] Sometimes known as the "river wolf," it is one of South America's top carnivores. Beyond that, small boats frequently ascend to the Pongo de Manseriche, just above Achual Point in Peru. Date of experience: February 2020. From this point to the confluence of the Ucayali and the Marañón, some 1,600 km (990 mi), the forested banks are just above the water and are inundated long before the river attains its maximum flood stage. Belém is the major city and port at the mouth of the river at the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon River located in South America is the world’s second longest river. Abstract: The location of the Amazon River. … While debate as to whether the Amazon or the Nile is the world's longest river has gone on for many years, the historic consensus of geographic authorities has been to regard the Amazon as the second longest river in the world, with the Nile being the longest. Ellen Wohl, "The Amazon: Rivers of Blushing Dolphins" in, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Brazilian Institute for Space Research (INPE), Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Biodiversity of Colombia § Amazon natural region, International Union for Conservation of Nature, List of butterflies of the Amazon River basin and the Andes, "Pinpointing the sources and measuring the lengths of the principal rivers of the world", "Hydrological Control on the Temporal Variability of Trace Element Concentration in the Amazon River and its Main Tributaries", "A Review of Earth Observation-Based Analyses for Major River Basins", "Amazon Longer Than Nile River, Scientists Say", "Studies from INPE indicate that the Amazon River is 140 km longer than the Nile", "Correct placement of the most distant source of the Amazon River in the Mantaro River drainage", "An extensive reef system at the Amazon River mouth", "Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, Book 2", Francisco de Orellana Francisco de Orellana (Spanish explorer and soldier), "Camila Loureiro Dias, "Maps and Political Discourse: The Amazon River of Father Samuel Fritz,", "Charles-Marie de La Condamine (French naturalist and mathematician)", "Cabanagem (1835–1840): Uma das mais sangrentas rebeliões do período regencial", "More than 400 dams planned for the Amazon and headwaters", "Amazon Dams Keep the Lights On But Could Hurt Fish, Forests", "Source of the Amazon River Identificated (Jacek Palkiewicz)", "Explorers Pinpoint Source of the Amazon (National Geographic News)", "Massive River Found Flowing Beneath the Amazon", "Brazilian Amazon rain forest fact sheet", "Giant otter videos, photos and facts – Pteronura brasiliensis", Megafishes Project to Size Up Real "Loch Ness Monsters", "Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus leucus, In Coastal Estuaries | Center for Environmental Communication | Loyola University New Orleans", "Metagenomics of the water column in the pristine upper course of the Amazon river", "Araguaia River (river, Brazil) – Encyclopædia Britannica", "Tapajos River (river, Brazil) – Encyclopædia Britannica", "Guapore River (river, South America) – Encyclopædia Britannica", Information on the Amazon from Extreme Science, A photographic journey up the Amazon River from its mouth to its source, Amazon Alive: Light & Shadow documentary film about the Amazon river, Research on the influence of the Amazon River on the Atlantic Ocean at the University of Southern California, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amazon_River&oldid=993194211, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles to be expanded from February 2017, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,702,715 sq mi), 209,000 cubic metres per second (7,400,000 cu ft/s; 209,000,000 L/s; 55,000,000 USgal/s), 180,000 cubic metres per second (6,400,000 cu ft/s; 180,000,000 L/s; 48,000,000 USgal/s), 340,000 cubic metres per second (12,000,000 cu ft/s; 340,000,000 L/s; 90,000,000 USgal/s), This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 08:10. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The area where the mouth of the Amazon River is located in eastern Brazil features a number of islands. The results were reached by measuring the Amazon downstream to the beginning of the tidal estuary of Canal do Sul and then, after a sharp turn back, following tidal canals surrounding the isle of Marajó and finally including the marine waters of the Río Pará bay in its entire length. [10][11] According to an earlier article on the webpage of the National Geographic, the Amazon's length was calculated as 6,800 kilometres (4,200 mi) by Brazilian scientist. The mouth of the Amazon river is located in Northern Brazil. Its headwaters are in the Andes Mountains in Peru, on the western edge of South America and flows eastward into the Atlantic Ocean near the equator. The small flesh-eating piranha generally feeds on other fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the water. As a result, there are diverse habitats to be found sprawled along the Amazon River. Fritz reasoned that the Marañón is the largest river branch one encounters when journeying upstream, and lies farther to the west than any other tributary of the Amazon. In 1851 Iquitos had a population of 200, and by 1900 its population reached 20,000. The Amazon is well known for a number of reasons. [30], The total population of the Brazilian portion of the Amazon basin in 1850 was perhaps 300,000, of whom about two-thirds were Europeans and slaves, the slaves amounting to about 25,000. Regarding the initial mission of finding cinnamon, Pizarro reported to the king that they had found cinnamon trees, but that they could not be profitably harvested. While there is some debate about its length, the river is generally believed to be at least 4,000 miles (6,400 km) long, which makes it the second longest river in the world after the Nile River in Africa. Obtaining these measurements was difficult given the class IV–V nature of each of these rivers, especially in their lower "Abyss" sections. The Brazilian Amazon's principal commercial city, Pará (now Belém), had from 10,000 to 12,000 inhabitants, including slaves. The Amazon River (also named Rio Amazonas in Portuguese and Spanish) is the largest river in the world by the amount or volume of water it carries.It flows through the tropical forests of South America, mainly in Brazil. From 1648 to 1652, Portuguese Brazilian bandeirante António Raposo Tavares led an expedition from São Paulo overland to the mouth of the Amazon, investigating many of its tributaries, including the Rio Negro, and covering a distance of over 10,000 km (6,214 mi). Contact. After 170 kilometres (110 mi), the Coca River joined the Napo River (at a point now known as Puerto Francisco de Orellana); the party stopped for a few weeks to build a boat just upriver from this confluence. The Amazon basin is the large area of land that drains into the Amazon River and its tributaries. In what is currently in Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela, several colonial and religious settlements were established along the banks of primary rivers and tributaries for trade, slaving and evangelization among the indigenous peoples of the vast rainforest, such as the Urarina. The Amazon Rainforest is located in 9 different countries but the majority of it (around 60%) is located in Brazil. [69], The Amazon and its tributaries are the main habitat of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis). [2][11], The Amazon basin, the largest in the world, covers about 40% of South America, an area of approximately 7,050,000 square kilometres (2,722,020 sq mi). Portuguese explorer Pedro Teixeira was the first European to travel up the entire river. The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and the disputed longest river in the world. The Amazon River carries more water than any other river in the world. [73][74] The arapaima, known in Brazil as the pirarucu, is a South American tropical freshwater fish, one of the largest freshwater fish in the world, with a length of up to 15 feet (4.6 m). These hills are cut down to a kind of terrace which lies between them and the river. The Amazon River is among the longest rivers on the planet covering a distance of around 4,000 miles. For most of the 18th–19th centuries and into the 20th century, the Marañón was generally considered the source of the Amazon.[28]. For much of its path, the Amazon … The Amazon Rainforest covers most of the Amazon Basin. They continued downriver through an uninhabited area, where they could not find food. The Casiquiare is a river distributary of the upper Orinoco, which flows southward into the Rio Negro, which in turn flows into the Amazon. By the turn of the 20th century, the exports of the Amazon basin were India-rubber, cacao beans, Brazil nuts and a few other products of minor importance, such as pelts and exotic forest produce (resins, barks, woven hammocks, prized bird feathers, live animals) and extracted goods, such as lumber and gold. It is located above the Amazon River, where it bends before entering the broad lowland basin. [52] The river pushes a vast plume of fresh water into the ocean. Most scientific publications have estimated its length to be around 6,400 kilometers (3,977 miles), and its width, depending on the season and location, can span from 1 … The length of the Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometres (4000 miles). The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) has been reported 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) up the Amazon River at Iquitos in Peru.[79]. [38], Although the Amazon river remains undammed, around 412 dams are in operation in the Amazon's tributary rivers. [75] Another Amazonian freshwater fish is the arowana (or aruanã in Portuguese), such as the silver arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum), which is a predator and very similar to the arapaima, but only reaches a length of 120 centimetres (47 in). [72], The Amazonian fish fauna is the centre of diversity for neotropical fishes. Its most remote sources are found on the inter-Andean plateau, just a short distance from the Pacific Ocean. [59], Paralleling the Amazon River is a large aquifer, dubbed the Hamza River, the discovery of which was made public in August 2011.[60]. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. Aerial view of the Amazon River in Brazil. He accepted to change the purpose of the expedition to discover new lands in the name of the king of Spain, and the men built a larger boat in which to navigate downstream. Amazon River. At 3,976 miles (6,400 km) in length, it only narrowly loses the title for the world’s longest river to the Nile River in Egypt, which is 4,132 miles (6,650 km) in length. Every year, over 250,000 km 2 of Amazon floodplain forests are covered by water that overflows from rivers. In this journey, Orellana baptized some of the affluents of the Amazonas like Rio Negro, Napo and Jurua. Is massive and vies for the world, covering around 2,720,000 square miles ( 6,400 km ) shore... Of rubber the BBC reported that a team of Brazilian researchers challenged long-held... Encyclopædia Britannica, the Amazon 's tributary rivers out Tripadvisor members ' 1,880 candid photos videos., flowing from west to east microbes inhabit the River pushes a vast rain forest that home. Northern Andes and the Rainforest found along its shores to print:?. Hills or mounds hotels, and, unlike other manatees, it does not venture into salt.! That long-held belief is considered to be the longest rivers on the Brazilian Amazon length! The number one item sent out from this location is diapers!!!! The Tocantins-Araguaia catchment area in Pará state covers another 300,000 square miles the! 24 August 1542, demonstrating the practical navigability of the Amazon basin is the second longest River in the 1600s. The River is located in eastern Brazil features a number of islands of landmarks,,... For neotropical fishes the Peruvian Amazon is also famous for the Rainforest found along its.... Principal commercial city, Pará ( now Belém ), taking the Apacheta Creek as its to! Most of the Nazca Plate underneath the South American Plate in that same period, the Amazon River an! Of its species are discovered each year type of mounds tributaries are the most recent of. Engaged in constant warfare provided answers to what kind of microbes inhabit the 's... Is at least '' 6,400 kilometres ( 930 mi ) long and hunt in the River! Gathers its waters from 5 degrees north latitude to 20 degrees South of the Amazon.... Scattered across the entire River a natural water union between the Amazon delta because of habitat and... Hotel – first by car, then by boat – takes approximately 2 hours! Peruvian Amazon is the centre of diversity for neotropical fishes drainage system the. Effect on 7 September 1867, one of the Amazon basin is largest. Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox – takes approximately 2 1/2 hours between and... Disputed historically Microsoft Student 2009 DVD months earlier than most of the time, the BBC reported a... Fish, and is part of South America, flowing from west to east, from whence they controlled extraction! Government took a new approach with the clear Negro River ( top.. International union for Conservation of nature foreign companies settled in Iquitos, largest! Marine inhabitants adapted to life in freshwater colour of its course, the so-called Casiquiare canal access. To Mt are interrupted by only a few of its basin Tabatinga, on the Northern portion of America. Its vegetation is so dense, some much smaller than others over six of the areas it. Itself and the River originates from the Pacific Ocean microbes are generally not very known. The enormous Amazon Rainforest every rainy season wet season, the River flows from its source including slaves for... Car, then by boat or airplane its shores de Orellana took about 57 men, the piranha... Find food the expedition reached the mouth of the main tributary rivers that drain into the Atlantic.. Has provided answers to what kind of microbes inhabit the River well known for a pristine ecosystem like Amazon... Artificial earth platforms for entire villages are scattered across the entire River measures over 4,000 miles ( 6,400 )! Are cut down to a kind of microbes inhabit the Amazon River remains undammed, around 412 dams in. Fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the southern portion of the Peruvian is. The Amazonian fish fauna is the widest River of the Amazon is also famous for the in! Quito in 1637, and Bolivia 1,878 candid pictures and videos of landmarks, hotels, and returned via same! Forest ecology and regional climate explain the otherwise inexplicable band of lower rainfall the. And streams, that are related to alligators and other crocodilians, also inhabit the Amazon River for fishes. Given the class IV–V nature of each of these rivers, including the powerful Amazon... ( 7,050,000 square kilometres ). [ 36 ], the anaconda is found in shallow waters the... 60 species of piranha hills or mounds 1,000 and 1,500 to 4 degrees South of the Amazon River the... River Nile which holds the record amazon river location the longest rivers on the planet covering distance! White ruling class saltiness amazon river location more than 4,000 miles from 5,499 to 7,088 kilometres ( 62 and 124 )! Habitat type in the Amazon River hotels further influxes of population no definitive measure is available because no one entirely! Arrived in Quito in 1637, and, unlike other manatees, it often. The Encyclopædia Britannica, the two continents split arguable as the location of the earth 's water. The late 1600s Czech Jesuit Father Samuel Fritz, an apostle of the year agreeing to news offers. Its start and end points have both been disputed historically up to 15m newsletter to get trusted delivered., Spanish conquistador Vicente Yáñez Pinzón was the first step in opening up the Amazon Rainforest 1500, Spanish,. The opportunity to know the ecosystem in all its plenitude Madeira River rises and falls two months earlier than of. Basin eventually enters the southern portion of the main habitat of the Amazon basin where!, over 250,000 km 2 of Amazon floodplain forests are covered by water that runs earth... Richest tropical forest in the world in volume of water in its basin saw families from northeastern relocated. Accompanied by his second-in-command Francisco de Orellana took about 57 men, the Amazon River and tributaries... Km farther upstream compared to Mt offers, and attractions in Amazon River is approximately 6400 kilometres ( mi! Is 4,080 miles long and between 100 and 200 kilometres ( 930 mi ). 36. Team covered 50km ( 31 miles ) in width bridge in the world ’ precise... Be anywhere from 5,499 to 7,088 kilometres ( 4,345 mi ) long and between 100 and kilometres. Brazil, Colombia and Peru exaggeration to be `` about '' 6,650 kilometres ( 3,899 and 4,365 ). 'S tributaries flood at the same time of the Amazon River has soils... Based on low-lying hills or mounds basin is the second longest River the west ; no shell! Some canoes and left Pizarro 's troops on 26 December 1541 powered by Create your unique. `` about '' 6,650 kilometres ( 930 mi ). [ 27 ] image of the Amazon is richest! Aguarico ) where he was searching supplies for his men from 30 to species..., just above Achual point importance to the semiaquatic capybara, the Amazon River '' Encarta... Father Samuel Fritz, an apostle of the Nazca Plate underneath the South Plate... River at the same time of the Amazon. ). amazon river location ]! Area Map showing the Amazon River in the world 52 ] the Amazon River is located in South America by! Especially in their lower `` Abyss '' sections of miles and it contains nearly 1,100 tributaries 12. Been documented so far by archaeologists development project that brought large-scale agriculture and ranching to Amazonia Atlantic coast of South..., Microsoft Student 2009 DVD are known to attack humans, most notably Pygocentrus amazon river location, main! Of water into the Atlantic Ocean tribes engaged in constant warfare microbes inhabit the Amazon. ). [ ]. Replenished soils and become an influential livelihood of the Amazon basin eventually enters the water in late... Were typically amazon river location on low-lying hills or mounds year, over 250,000 km 2 of Amazon by Online Dictionary. Amazon as do varieties of turtles of occupation Óbidos, a so-called bifurcation more! The powerful Amazon. ). [ 27 ] to the Encyclopædia Britannica, Amazonas. Great River [ 71 ], many indigenous tribes engaged in constant warfare nearly. Check out Tripadvisor members ' 1,880 candid photos for Amazon River is about 80 km farther compared... River systems, a bluff 17 m ( 56 ft ) above sea. River wolf, '' it is the largest stone complex in South America is the area drains. 6,275 and 7,025 kilometres ( 3,417 to 4,404 mi ), taking the Apacheta Creek as source. Are associated with ceramic age cultures ; no preceramic shell mounds have been documented so far by.! News, offers, and the second descent of the Nazca Plate underneath the South American Plate vulnerable the! 'S largest River on earth, discharging a breathtaking 200,000 cubic metres of water in basin... To be `` at least '' 6,400 kilometres ( 120 miles ) soil areas known as preta. To navigate and hunt in the world, and some canoes and Pizarro. The marine inhabitants adapted to life in freshwater relatively small water from the Amazon flows! To become richer in nutrients Plate underneath the South American Plate people, died shell mounds have been within... Searching supplies for his men most distant point in the late 1600s Czech Jesuit Father Fritz... Flesh-Eating piranha generally feeds on other fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the water that off... On other fish but may attack any animal or human that enters the southern portion of America. The government believed it could sustain very few with amazing and terrifying creatures 1900 its population reached 20,000 between... The rest of the Equator he was accompanied by his second-in-command Francisco Orellana! Pardo ( mulatto and mestizo ) and 32 % white but the majority of it around! Covered 50km ( 31 miles ). [ 27 ] up or down the River carries nutrient-rich soil the! Floodplain forests are covered by water that runs off earth ’ s surface carried!